Topic No 560, Additional Medicare Tax Internal Revenue Service


So, you’ll be liable for the additional 0.9% Medicare tax. However, neither of your employers will withhold the tax since each of your wages is less than $200,000. So, you should make estimated tax payments and / or request additional withholding on Form W-4. The employer is required to withhold Additional Medicare Tax on total wages, including taxable noncash fringe benefits, in excess of $200,000.

There is no income limit on the standard Medicare tax amount. Employers have to withhold taxes — including FICA taxes — from employee paychecks because taxes are a pay-as-you-go arrangement in the United States. When you earn money, the IRS wants its cut as soon as possible. Use Part V to figure the amount of Additional Medicare Tax on wages and RRTA compensation withheld by your employer. Bob, a single filer, has $220,000 in self-employment income and $0 in wages. Bob is liable for Additional Medicare Tax on $20,000 ($220,000 in self-employment income minus the threshold of $200,000).

  • Therefore, their employers didn’t withhold Additional Medicare Tax.
  • This generally includes earned income such as wages, tips, vacation allowances, bonuses, commissions, and other taxable benefits.
  • Wages, RRTA compensation, and self-employment income that are subject to Medicare tax will also be subject to Additional Medicare Tax if in excess of the applicable threshold.

He then earns $51,164 in freelance income (1099 income) after expenses given he works additional jobs on the side to expedite his path to financial freedom. The money is intended for current and future Medicare beneficiaries; however, the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund has historically faced solvency and budget pressures and is expected to be exhausted by 2031. Medicare services may be cut, or lawmakers may find other ways to finance these benefits.

Employers’ responsibility for FICA payroll taxes

The Medicare Savings Programs (MSPs) help more than 10 million people with coverage of Medicare premiums and, in most cases, other cost sharing. In addition, the Part D low‑income subsidy (LIS) helps pay for the Part D premium and lowers the cost of prescription drugs. Further, the Inflation Reduction Act recently expanded the number of people eligible for full LIS. Federal Form 8960 Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts was also introduced in 2013. If this form is applicable to your return, it will also print with the return.

  • Employers have numerous payroll tax withholding and payment obligations.
  • And while our site doesn’t feature every company or financial product available on the market, we’re proud that the guidance we offer, the information we provide and the tools we create are objective, independent, straightforward — and free.
  • Employers are required to withhold the additional 0.9 percent for employees with salaries that are at or over these income limits.

Medicare wages and self-employment income are combined to determine if your income exceeds the threshold. A self-employment loss shouldn’t be considered for purposes of this tax. RRTA compensation should be separately compared to the threshold.

If you are in a community property state and plan to file as married filing separately, see Pub. 555 for more information on the treatment of withheld income taxes. Depending upon your filing status, wages, RRTA compensation, and self-employment income, you may owe more than the amount that was withheld by your employer. If you anticipate having a liability for Additional Medicare Tax for 2023, you may request that your employer withhold an additional amount of income tax. You make the request by filing a new Form W-4, Employee’s Withholding Certificate, with your employer. The additional income tax withholding will be applied against the taxes shown on your tax return, including any Additional Medicare Tax liability.

About Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax

A railroad employer will report Additional Medicare Tax in box 14. An employer calculates wages for purposes of withholding Additional Medicare Tax from nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) in the same way that it calculates wages for withholding the existing Medicare tax from NQDC. Additional information about the special timing rules for NQDC is in Publication 957, Reporting Back Pay and Special Wage Payments to the Social Security Administration. full disclosure principle accounting definition + examples J has $190,000 in wages subject to Medicare tax and K has $150,000 in compensation subject to RRTA taxes. J and K do not combine their wages and RRTA compensation to determine whether they are in excess of the $250,000 threshold for a joint return. J and K are not liable to pay Additional Medicare Tax because J’s wages are not in excess of the $250,000 threshold and K’s RRTA compensation is not in excess of the $250,000 threshold.

How Does the Additional Medicare Tax Work?

A railroad employer must withhold Additional Medicare Tax on compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000 for the calendar year, regardless of your filing status and regardless of wages or compensation paid by another employer. Barney earned $75,000 in Medicare wages, and Betty earned $200,000 in Medicare wages, so their combined total wages are $275,000. Barney and Betty will owe the Additional Medicare Tax on the amount by which their combined wages exceed $250,000, the threshold amount for married couples filing jointly. Their excess amount is $275,000 minus $250,000, or $25,000. Barney and Betty’s Additional Medicare Tax is 0.9% of $25,000, or $225.

Whether to file Form 8959

For an individual earning $225,000 a year, the first $200,000 is subject to a Medicare tax of 1.45%, and the remaining $25,000 is subject to an additional Medicare tax of 0.9%. The surtax is withheld from an employee’s paycheck or paid with self-employment taxes, with no employer-paid portion. Now suppose that Barney and Betty were to file separate married tax returns. The Additional Medicare Tax for separate filers is based on each spouse’s separate wages. Barney earned $75,000 in wages, which is below the $125,000 threshold for a married person filing separately, so he doesn’t have wages in excess of the threshold amount. She’d pay the Additional Medicare Tax on the amount by which her separate wages exceed the $125,000 threshold for married taxpayers filing separately, or $75,000.

Or you can get your taxes done right, with experts by your side with TurboTax Live Assisted. Just answer simple questions, and we’ll guide you through filing your taxes with confidence. Whichever way you choose, get your maximum refund guaranteed. The total self-employment income is then reduced by multiplying it by 92.35% (essentially deducting the employer’s share of FICA, 7.65%).

Medicare Tax

This is yet another example of the marriage penalty at work in our tax code. In case anyone cares, I am married, and my husband and I feel the pain of both marriage penalties and high tax rates since we live in Los Angeles. Medicare tax, or “hospital insurance tax,” is a federal employment tax that funds a portion of the Medicare insurance program.

In some cases, there may be a “mismatch” between the amounts you are obligated to withhold and the amount of your employee’s surtax liability. Here’s a simple example of how the Additional Medicare Tax calculations work for an employee who is single and has an annual income of $225,000. The single employee must pay the additional tax on earnings over $200,000 for the year, which is the same as the withholding start amount. To calculate your additional Medicare tax liability, you’ll need Form 8959 when filing for your tax return. The IRS has instructions for Form 8959 available to help you file correctly. If you didn’t report tips to your employer as required, you may be charged a penalty equal to 50% of the social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes due on those tips.

Taxes under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) are composed of the old-age, survivors, and disability insurance taxes, also known as social security taxes, and the hospital insurance tax, also known as Medicare taxes. Some people are “exempt workers,” which means they elect not to have federal income tax withheld from their paychecks. Social Security and Medicare taxes will still come out of their checks, though. Unlike the 6.2 percent Social Security tax and the 1.45 percent Medicare tax, the 0.9 percent surcharge is imposed only on the employee.

Employers pay another 1.45 percent, for a total of 2.9 percent of your total earnings. Self-employed people pay the entire 2.9 percent on their own. If you’re married, there are two different threshold limits. The threshold fluctuates depending on if you file taxes jointly or separately.

The Additional Medicare Tax applies when a taxpayer’s wages from all jobs exceed the threshold amount, and employers are required to withhold Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages in excess of $200,000 that they pay to an employee. The same threshold applies to everyone regardless of filing status. Publication 15-A, section 7 contains more information on common paymasters. The wages are not combined for purposes of the $200,000 withholding threshold if the payor is not a common paymaster. An individual cannot designate any estimated payments specifically for Additional Medicare Tax.


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